Australian-made lithium-ion battery

The ARM Hub is supporting a Queensland start-up to build a smart, safe, and clean lithium battery for Australian homes.

The batteries have a special casing that enables them to be repaired remotely, at a cell level.

The company, Vaulta, is scaling their pilot assembly plant at the ARM Hub.

Challenge: the challenge with lithium batteries

Lithium batteries are widely used, powering everything from smartphones to electric vehicles.

They store more energy in a smaller and lighter package, retain their charge longer when not in use, and operate effectively across a wide range of temperatures.

This combination underscores the technological and environmental potential of lithium batteries in driving forward the transition to cleaner energy and more sustainable consumption patterns.

However, concerns persist about the technology as their production is resource-intensive and they pose a fire risk if damaged or improperly handled.

The recycling and end-of-life disposal of these batteries also presents environmental challenges, as the process is complex and not fully efficient.

Approach: a new approach to lithium-ion battery packs

Vaulta is a Brisbane-based start-up tenanted at the ARM Hub Learning Factory. It is creating a ‘smarter, safer, and cleaner’ lithium battery pack for stationery storage applications, such as homes. The batteries are not used in cars.

CEO Dominic Spooner says while battery cell technology is evolving, the battery case has remained the same.

“I was working in the field and found evidence that battery recycling was a pending issue as we transitioned to more battery use. Between 2 and 5% of lithium-ion batteries are recycled, and as the first wave of electric cars near the end of their lifecycle, that’s bad for the environment and business,” he says.

“I felt it was in part due to the casing and difficulties in repair and disassembly. Being an industrial designer, I was able to iterate a prototype which formed the basis of Vaulta.”

Battery cases contain too many parts, adding unwanted size and weight that affects the battery performance. It also means they are expensive to recycle.

“Dangerous goods freight is very expensive. Currently, when a battery fails the whole 100kg battery pack must be decommissioned and freighted. If the battery can repaired at a cell level you can reduce the components that need recycling.” he says.

“Less battery weight means less in freight costs, which means there is more appetite for recycling and repair.”


Vaulta does not weld its battery packs, allowing technicians to access the battery at the cell level. The packs also have a communications-enabled battery management system (BMS) that allows the company to remotely repair problems if they arise in the field.

Using advanced composite materials and a smart, streamlined design, Vaulta’s battery casing condenses multiple functions into fewer parts.

The no-weld design means modules can be easily assembled and disassembled, and cells can be reused and recycled, reducing waste and, crucially, giving batteries a second life.

The development process involved meetings with industry to validate the issue, designing and iterating prototypes with hand selected suppliers, and further discussions with industry to validate the proposed solution.

“We met with polymer experts, battery companies that were willing to help, Arc accelerator, and advisors.”

In terms of safety, Dominic says the batteries meet all certification and compliance requirements and the BMS ensure it is safe for the home.

Other key facts:

  • the casing are up to 15% lighter
  • the cases are easier maintain and assemble in the field
  • the cases can be configured to suit different needs.
  • the cases are electrically and thermally conductive, meaning they cool cells at their terminals.
  • “The Vaulta battery is enabling a faster transition to electricification,” says Dominic.

“We are using locally designed and manufactured technology that is funded in part by the Australian and Queensland governments and is backed by ASX listed investors.”

Rehab robot leads to better patient health

ROBERT is a neurorehabilitation robot owned by Queensland start-up, Innovative Rehab Technologies.

A one-of-a-kind in Australia, ROBERT offers both lower and upper limb robotic rehab assistance to aid recovery and achieve better patient outcomes.

The robot is on trial with a major Queensland hospital to determine its value to staff and patients.

Owner of Innovative Rehab Technologies Daniel Carter says the exposure they have received through their Membership with ARM Hub has helped to fast-track their success.

Why we need robots like ROBERT

Australia faces a notable shortage of therapists to undertake patient rehabilitation. This scarcity is more pronounced in regional and remote areas, which is significantly impacting the delivery of healthcare services.

Innovative Rehab Technologies founder Dan Carter says the shortage means patients can’t access the high doses of therapy they need to recover.

“High-dose, intensive therapy is required during neurorehabilitation to help patients recover their movement effectively. As an example, stroke patients may need to undertake 300 repetitions of one movement alone as part of their therapy. Currently, most people are only doing 50 repetitions per day,” Mr Carter said.


Made in Denmark by Life Science Robotics, ROBERT is a mobile upper and lower limb rehabilitation robot that allows clinicians to deliver high repetition therapy to help with neurological rehabilitation and reduce deconditioning during hospital stays.

Robots like ROBERT allow a service to deliver hundreds of repetitions of controlled functional movements each day which would otherwise not be possible without extreme staffing pressure.

Because it is mobile, ROBERT can be used throughout a hospital, on wards, in rehabilitation, or with outpatients. It is also simple to set up which allows allied health assistants and nurse to potentially be active in delivering care to patients, freeing up physiotherapists and occupational therapists to treat more patients.

It is the only unit available that provides EMG triggered functional electrical stimulation to assist in movement therapy. This is key to optimising patient treatment as therapy can be started very early when they only have “flickers” of muscle activation. The unit senses these flickers and then stimulates that muscle to activate while the robot assists them on a path of movement programmed by the therapist.

“Robert is not replacing jobs. Rather, the robot is part of a strategy to help workforce sustainability and efficiency,” Mr Carter said.

Hospital trial

Innovative Rehab Technologies was approached by the Queensland hospital to trial the robot with staff for one month with a view to purchasing their own ROBERT.

Over the month, ROBERT will be used by the staff to assess how well it can perform functional movements with patients and also see how easy it will be to integrate into their current service model.

Once completed, it will begin a new trial at a facility on the Sunshine Coast.

Innovative Rehab Technologies and parent company Life Science Robotics have also been approached by a world leader in occupational therapy and rehabilitation research to collaborate on a research project to further develop the upper limb software with them.

How ROBERT the Robot works

ROBERT can be attached to a patient’s upper or lower limb. The therapist can then press a button and program a specific movement, such as bringing a glass up to the patient’s mouth.

They then set how many repetitions the patient must perform and whether they do the movement assisted by the robot, actively with the robot just supporting the weight of the limb, or with resistance.

Multiple different movements and sets / reps can be programmed into a treatment session that the patient can then undertake with supervision while the clinician treats other patients nearby.

About Innovative Rehab Technologies

Innovative Rehab Technologies joined the ARM Hub as a Start-up Member in September 2023.

Founded by Dan and Mel Carter, the couple jointly purchased Robert with Stable Orthopaedics for release in Australia.

“The trials are a big step forward for us as we expected it to take some time before we were able to attract industry attention,” Mr Carter said.

“It is through the ARM Hub that we have been visible to industry, which has cut the time taken for us to enter the market from years to six months.”

Expression of interest: collaboration with the ARM Hub

As ARM Hub embarks on a new phase of innovation and service enhancement, we recognise the importance of partnership and collaboration with agile microenterprises or small-to-medium-sized enterprises in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI).

We are seeking expressions of interest from forward-thinking AI organisations that specialise in Large Language Models (LLMs) and Generative AI to join us in a partnership.

This initiative is not merely a call for a single project, it’s an invitation to co-create a sustained value proposition within the vibrant ecosystem of the ARM Hub.

Purpose of the partnership

Our objective is to integrate cutting-edge LLMs into our operations, notably through a Retrieval-Augmented Generation (RAG)-based chatbot service. This service will play a crucial role in our Databricks Workspace, enabling advanced data integration and processing capabilities that support the manufacturing sector’s dynamic needs.

We are specifically looking for partners who can appreciate the challenges of security, compliance, and operationalisation in the rapidly evolving landscape of Generative AI and who can contribute to developing a robust service model that is relevant to the needs of SMEs.

Your expertise in ML operations, data engineering, and AI-driven chatbot services would be invaluable as we progress into the second horizon of our project development.

This phase will focus on automated data ingestion, incremental index building, and sophisticated prompt engineering, culminating in a service offering that enhances productivity and innovation for SMEs.

In return, we offer a partnership that extends beyond a transactional engagement, providing a platform for visibility, joint innovation, and shared success in a space that is critical to the future of industry and technology.

Expressions of interest

If your company is ready to make a tangible impact in the field of manufacturing translation and commercialization, we invite you to join us in this endeavour. We believe that together, we can create solutions that not only propel our operations forward but also contribute meaningfully to the national and global landscape.

For those interested in this unique opportunity, we request a preliminary expression of interest and a brief outline of your capabilities and vision for such a partnership.

Please direct your responses to our COO Samuel Jesuadian.

We look forward to exploring the potential of a powerful collaboration that sets new standards in the world of AI and manufacturing.

Invitation for AI Partners | EOI

Invitation for AI Partners: Long-Term Collaborative Opportunity with ARM Hub

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